about this book deutsch englishIn the Early Modern Period the semi-monasticism of women was termed as “secular-religious” or even “clerical” status. The tradition of the phenomenon can be traced back to the origins of Christianity. This way of living “between monastery and world” is a grey area of Canon Law as the Council of Trent (1545–1563) decreed the strict enclosure for religious communities of women. But it hindered by no means the women’s self-confidence to participate in religious reforms. They committed themselves to spiritual welfare, charity and education of girls. One of the at least undetected protagonists of the Spanish variation of semi-monasticism, the beatas, is Luisa de Carvajal y Mendoza (1566–1614). She lived a semi-religious life, wanted to play an active part in the reforming and counter-reforming religious combats. For this purpose she travelled to England as a “jesuit” missionary. There she founded her “Society of Mary” and acted pastorally and charitably in the catholic underground movement. Especially the spirituality and theology Luisa’s mirror exemplarily the innovative potential of feminine semi-religious communities through “secular-religious” accentuations. With her way of life she participated in the spreading of catholic-confessional and spiritual literature. So she contributed significantly to the distribution of an semi-religious spirituality that would be path-breaking for the apostolate of women. The study is completed with the spanish-german edition of diverse writings of Luisa de Carvajal.
keywords17. Jahrhundert Beatas Frauenapostolat Frühe Neuzeit Historische Theologie Jesuiten Konfessionalisierung Luisa de Carvajal Martyrium Mission Mystik Orden Semireligiosentum Spiritualität Systematische Theologie
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