Doktorarbeit: Die Gesellschaft bürgerlichen Rechts im Immobilienverkehr

Die Gesellschaft bürgerlichen Rechts im Immobilienverkehr

Materiellrechtliche und prozessrechtliche Herausforderungen nach dem ERVGBG

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Schriften zum Unternehmensrecht mitsamt seinen ökonomischen Bezügen, volume 8

Hamburg , 206 pages

ISBN 978-3-339-11834-9 (print) |ISBN 978-3-339-11835-6 (eBook)

About this book deutschenglish

In recent decades, partnership under German civil law (GbR) has evolved significantly. No later than the 2001 change in jurisdiction, the German Federal Court of Justice (BGH) paved the way for GbR to act as an independent legal entity.

More than ten years have now passed since the ERVGBG of 2009 led to § 899a of the German Civil Code (BGB) being introduced and § 47 of the Land register rules (GBO) being revised, which now ranks the entry of the partnerships in the land register by registration of a right for the GbR in para. 2. However, the issues which the legislator wanted to resolve by setting up these standards have changed: In the meantime, the extension of the protection of good faith to shareholders has admittedly made it easier to acquire real estate rights in good faith. In light of this, the problem has been moved over to the contract under the law of obligation: For this there is - due to GbR’s lack of obligation to register - no presumption that the contracting parties for GbR are actually (still) shareholders, or that there are no other shareholders beyond them and that they are authorised to represent GbR. The acquisition of rights is therefore not conclusively protected against rescission.

Likewise, there are considerable problems of procedural law: both in the proceedings and in the foreclosure of real estate rights of a GbR, it is necessary to take § 47 para. 2 GBO into account, so that the land register becomes a kind of register for GbRs holding real estate rights. For companies without real estate rights, on the other hand, it is not clear how a GbR can be sued if the currently authorised partners are unknown, due to a change of partners and how a title that has been issued against the company can then be enforced.

This dissertation develops a solution to enable legal secure transactions with GbRs - regardless of whether they hold real estate rights (registered in the land register) or not; or whether it is the acquisition of a right regarding a real estate or another transaction.

Ihr Werk im Verlag Dr. Kovač

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