Von der Auseinandersetzung mit den TäterInnen des Holocaust zum humanistischen Dialog
Das Holocaust History Museum Yad Vashem in Israel, das U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington D.C. und das Jüdische Museum Berlin
EUB. Erziehung – Unterricht – Bildung, Band 172
Hamburg 2015, 270 Seiten
ISBN 978-3-8300-8369-6 (Print & eBook)
Demokratie lernen, Entscheidungsfindung, Erinnerungskulturen, Gedenkstättenpädagogik, Handlungsspielräume, Holocaust, Holocaust Erziehung, Israel, Jüdisches Museum Berlin, Menschenrechtsbildung, Nationalsozialismus, Täter, Täterinnen, TäterInnenforschung, U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, Vermittlungsintention, Yad Vashem
about this book
deutsch | englishThe Holocaust and the incidents during World War II led to a critical analysis dealing with violence, human rights, constitutionality and social justice. The book focuses on behavioural patterns during the Nazi regime that are diametrically opposed to democracy and human rights education. How could the Holocaust happen? How do memorials like Yad Vashem in Jerusalem, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington and the Jewish Museum in Berlin deal with the personal guilt of Holocaust perpetrators being a part of the Shoa? Which pedagogical statements are pursued? This book offers a multi perspective analysis based on historical facts. By reflecting Israeli, American and German commemorative cultures, the focus on the perpetrators of the Holocaust addresses varying demands not only on current societies but also on the readers themselves. Through a juxtaposition of the pedagogical concepts, exhibition catalogues and the scientific analysis of the head of the German-speaking countries desk at the International School for Holocaust Studies at Yad Vashem as well as interviews with the directors of the educational department at the USHMM and the Jewish Museum in Berlin, the author set up five key categories which illustrate how perpetrators are dealt with at the museums explored. Only if a thorough approach to perpetrators of the Holocaust is integrated in the educational concept and pedagogical routine at museums and memorials, minorities are protected from exclusion and symbolic denigration.
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