about this bookdeutsch english If we take philosophical questions in evolutionary anthropology into the focus of contemplation, we first must especially ask if Charles Darwin´s (1859, 1871) most important evolutionary assumptions, namely natural and sexual selection in their strict sense, are the best and exclusive explanations and views on human evolution. About fifty years before Charles Darwin have established his evolutionary theory, another important scientist, Jean Baptiste de Lamarck (1809), creates his own theory of evolution. As a result, he was one of the first who puts needs, habits, action, the individual use of bodies (and climate-changes as well) into the focus of biological examination and thus created his famous statement on the passing on of acquired characters. So if we put Lamarck´s general ideas of the universal influence of climate, needs, habits, action and use of bodies for the surviving and evolution of individuals into the special account of human origin and evolution, it becomes clear that Darwin´s general ideas of how evolution have to work needs reassessments and new and/or renewed philosophical/ theoretical arguments in the context of evolutionary anthropology. In this case the doctoral thesis links, interprets, modifies and combines apparently high variable evolutionary ideas and evolutionary theories so that, in the end, the evolution of hominids is shown as a highly variable process of origin and evolution of hominid-phenospecies.
keywordsAdaptive Entscheidung Anthropologie Artenbildung Australopithecinen Charles Darwin Habituell Hominiden-Phänospezies Hominisation Jean Baptiste de Lamarck Klimaschwankungen Kulturanthropologie Kulturwesen Pädagogik Selektionsprozesse Verhalten
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