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The 20th century was characterized by a worldwide territorial change. The creation of new nation-states led to the division of long-established empires. The right to self-determination was one of the most successful political slogans and the most convincing justification for the creation of new states.
The discussion about the right to self-determination under the aspect of international law continues also in 21st century.
As a result of the consequences of the 1st World War, the right to self-determination found 1945 its way into the Charter of the United Nations, a set of rules with a potentially universal validity. Furthermore, it forms the initial determination of the ICCPR and ICESCR of 1966 - both convenants are part of the International Bill of Human Rights – and is the subject of numerous resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly.
The colonial right to self-determination of people is only one facet of this universal principle and has been generally recognized as a norm of international law since 1960. This was recently confirmed by the International Court of Justice of the United Nations in its advisory opinion of the 25 February 2019 concerning the legal consequences of the separation of the Chagós- Archipelago from Mauritius in 1965.
Till now the process of decolonization is not complete.
The analysis is focused on dealing with the colonial past and the resolution of postcolonial conflicts.
keywordsChagós-Fall Gewohnheitsrecht Internationaler Gerichtshof Internationales Recht Kolonialismus Menschenrechte Vereinte Nationen Völkerrecht Völkerrechtsgemeinschaft
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