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Is golf a sport that can strengthen the mental health of children?
Children are especially exposed to increased stress levels due to biological changes, the development of identities, greater academic demands, lifestyle changes from childhood to adulthood and social conflicts. With most belonging to the healthiest age group, they are also in a sensitive stage that is decisive in personality development and realisation of future professional opportunities. Children only rarely use the preventive effects of sport and nature to cope with challenging life events. In Germany, less than one-third of the latter group reach the recommended 90 min of moderate intensity daily. Due to the health-promoting properties of sport, young people should be encouraged to pursue a long-term interest in outdoor sports maintain a high quality of life into late adulthood. The preservation and promotion of mental health is an important component of successful child development and a high quality of life at a later age. Two of the most important resources to reach these goals are the concepts of resilience and self-efficacy. Due to incorporating outdoor exercise, the low risk of injury and the proven positive effects of mental health of adults, golf is a sport that may improve children’s resilience and self-efficacy. So far there exist no empirical investigations that confirm the positive effects of golf on children’s health. Therefore, the impact of golf on children’s resilience and self-efficacy was investigated in this study.
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keywordsGolfsport Heidelberger Kompetenztraining Kinder Progressive Muskelrelaxation Psychische Gesundheit Psychologie Resilienz Schulsport Selbstwirksamkeitserwartung Sportwissenschaft
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