Forschungsarbeit: Zwang statt Freiheit – Zum autoritären Gehalt der Lehre Hayeks

Zwang statt Freiheit –
Zum autoritären Gehalt der Lehre Hayeks

KRITIK UND REFLEXION – Interdisziplinäre Beiträge zur kritischen Gesellschaftstheorie, Band 16

Hamburg 2017, 218 Seiten
ISBN 978-3-8300-9329-9 (Print), ISBN 978-3-339-09329-5 (eBook)

autoritärer Charakter, Autoritäter Staat, Dogmatik, Erich Fromm, Friedrich August von Hayek, Gerhard Stapelfeldt, Herbert Marcuse, Max Horkheimer, Neoliberalismus, Politische Ökonomie, Verdrängung, Wettbewerbsordnung

about this book

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The term 'Neoliberalism' is frequently used. However, its background and ideas are hardly known. Friedrich August von Hayek can be counted among the leading authors of Neoliberalism. His ideas can be found in conservative, social democratic as well as socialist party and government programmes. This research study examines Hayeks set of ideas. His theory takes the form of a system of dogmas. It is – in his own words – a creed. It is shown that Hayek's dogmas repress what they claim to criticise: the authoritarian social conditions in which they emerged. Hayek produces the idea of an individual that sees these conditions as incomprehensible and therefore not exceedable.

This research work starts with the Studies on Authority and Family by the Frankfurt Institute for Social Research which examined the authoritarian character of Germany in the 1930s. It begins with the characteristics of the authoritarian personality and with the methodical approaches and theoretical background of the studies. The findings present a critique of the social conditions that Hayek takes as incomprehensible.

In a next step Hayek's main works are examined. These works can be seen as the „manifestos of theoretical Neoliberalism“ (Gerhard Stapelfeldt). The findings of this research not only show the authoritarian content of Hayek's works. They also show that Hayek represses the authoritarian character of individual and society and that this character forms the basis of his concept of neoliberal individual.

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