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German school children travel new paths on their way from elementary to secondary school: The German secondary school system starts in year 5 and has three major branches tailored to the different academic needs of its children (Gymnasium, Realschule, Hauptschule). Up until the academic year 2010/11, pupils in the German state of Baden-Wuerttemberg had to attend the branch chosen for them by their teachers at the end of their elementary school education after year 4. Since the academic year 2011/12, teachers only advise parents on which school they believe is best-suited to their child’s needs and it is then the parents’ decision whether to follow through on the advice or send their child on to a different branch of the secondary school system.
This dissertation inquires into the effects of this deregulation away from an evaluation of each child’s academic capabilities that results in a mandatory secondary school career and toward leaving the choice of which branch of the secondary school system their child is to attend up to the parents. It surveys 191 children, 98 prior to and 93 post deregulation.
How does this deregulation affect social and academic factors as well as the well-being and the amount of stress the children experience in year 5? Is there a run on the branch with the highest academic standard (Gymnasium) and an abandonment of the branch with the lowest academic standard (Hauptschule) now that parents have the choice to make for their child?
Do parents decide based on the true academic needs of their children and in their true best interest or will the deregulation result in a sudden rise in academically overextended children?
Will more children be able to attend secondary school together with their friends from elementary school? Who is going to win, who is going to lose? Which possible implications result from this research for the newly introduced comprehensive schools in Baden-Wuerttemberg? And finally, was the decision to deregulate this transition in the best interest of the children it affects? Has it proved beneficial for them and thus for the future of the school system in Baden-Wuerttemberg as a whole?
keywordsBaden-Württemberg Beratendes Elterngespräch Grundschule Grundschulübergang Gymnasium Hauptschule Klasse 5 Leistungsniveau Pädagogik Pädagogische Psychologie Realschule Stresserleben Überforderung Verbindliche Grundschulempfehlung Wohlbefinden
Ihr Werk im Verlag Dr. Kovač
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