Dissertation: Zum Einfluss der Schulpolitik der Bundesländer auf den Schulerfolg

Zum Einfluss der Schulpolitik der Bundesländer auf den Schulerfolg

Eine bildungsökonomische Analyse

Schriftenreihe volkswirtschaftliche Forschungsergebnisse, volume 211

Hamburg , 282 pages

ISBN 978-3-8300-8988-9 (print)
ISBN 978-3-339-08988-5 (eBook)

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The paper analyzes the influence of education policy on educational success from an economic point of view. Based on the normative framework of the theories of human capital, market failure, and public goods, relevant economic research approaches are presented. This includes in particular the school effectiveness research, rather describing educational production functions than input-process-output systems, and the school indicator research, where the complexity of the educational system and its interactions are taken into account. This leads into the modelling of educational production functions that are supposed to control education policy mechanisms and additional variables that are not influenceable by education policy. The empirical analysis is carried out based on an aggregated longitudinal data set and a cross-sectional, individual data set.

Results have been produced both in the educational policy area and in the field of given circumstances that are assumed not to be influenceable by educational policy. Educational success is specified as the rate of school drop-outs (school failure, so to speak) and as results in the PISA test. The influence of educational policy performance indicators is examined in the areas of direct education financing (percentage of expenditure on education, spending per student, staff expenditure, investment, operating expenditure), indirect education financing (class size, supply of lessons), and regulation of the education system (duration of learning, different types of schools, central exams).

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