Dissertation: Was Cluster im Innersten zusammenhält – Cluster-Identifikation, Cluster Citizenship Behavior und Cluster-Fortbestand

Was Cluster im Innersten zusammenhält – Cluster-Identifikation, Cluster Citizenship Behavior und Cluster-Fortbestand

Eine konzeptionelle und empirische Studie

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Strategisches Management, volume 210

Hamburg , 238 pages

ISBN 978-3-339-10854-8 (print) |ISBN 978-3-339-10855-5 (eBook)

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Connected value creation in response to increasing complexity, dynamics and uncertainty in the markets does not leave the scope of action of organizations and their actors untouched. Economic action is increasingly taking place outside the usual arena with clear hierarchies and permanent structures, to which both the management and operational levels in companies must adapt. In order to cope with the conditions of the networked economic in present and future, interorganisational networks, such as clusters, alliances and cooperations, are coming to the fore. These units promise to provide answers to questions of more flexibility, innovation, knowledge transfer, complementary competence and synergy to enhance the competitiveness of the associated companies.

While scientific research has already validated the benefits of clusters in many studies (such as innovation, growth), relatively little is known about which factors lead to a sustainable and successful cluster. What remains unclear in particular is what unites such a new collective form of organization from individual, independent organizations? The author deals with this current, relevant topic with a focus on clusters as an inter-organizational unit. She poses the question why voluntary associations such as clusters can survive in the long term, even though they typically cannot rely on hierarchy or power of direction. Using an interdisciplinary approach, theories from social psychology are skilfully combined with organizational forms of cooperation from business research: findings from the Social Identity Theory (SIT) and the Citizenship Behavior Approach are used for the cluster context, and so are the concepts cluster identification and Cluster Citizenship Behavior newly developed and empirically tested.

Based on the insights and results of the conceptual and empirical study, conclusions and implications are drawn for science and industry, in particular for cluster promoters or managers who design and manage clusters and their activities, and politicians who initiate cluster initiatives and clusters. The book thus makes a significant contribution to the expansion of the current state of the art in cluster management research, both theoretically and on a practical level, by successfully combining socio-psychological and institutional economic considerations of cluster design.

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